[EN] Education strategies

Taped problems

Objective :

Improving math abilities and math fluency with basic calculations

Intended population :

Children (7-11 y.o.) with math difficulties or as a first intention. Individualy or in groups.

Evidence level :

Case-study / Correlationnal studies / Pre-experimental studies

Briefly :

1. Create a sheet with 10-20 boxes for answers.

2. Record simple math problems, of appropriate difficutly, then add a 0-5 seconds pause and record the answer

3. Make the student listen to the tape

4. The student should "beat the tape", or answer on the paper before he/she hears the answer

5. If the answer is correct, quickly confirm and reinforce the child or correct the answer otherwise

6. Repeat 2-3 times and reduce the delay over future tries

Potential mechanisms :

The short delay prevents the use of slowest and less automatic strategies

Instant feedback prevents a wrong answer from being memorized

Quick positive reinforcement

The longest an exercize is, the highest the anxiety a student could have

Aspiranti, K. B., Skinner, C. H., McCleary, D. F., & Cihak, D. F. (January 01, 2011). Using taped-problems and rewards to increase addition-fact fluency in a first grade general education classroom. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 4, 2, 25-33.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3357097/

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