[EN] Education strategies
Improving math abilities and math fluency with basic calculations
Intended population :
Children (7-11 y.o.) with math difficulties or as a first intention. Individualy or in groups.
Evidence level :
Case-study / Correlationnal studies / Pre-experimental studies
1. Create a sheet with 10-20 boxes for answers.
2. Record simple math problems, of appropriate difficutly, then add a 0-5 seconds pause and record the answer
3. Make the student listen to the tape
4. The student should "beat the tape", or answer on the paper before he/she hears the answer
5. If the answer is correct, quickly confirm and reinforce the child or correct the answer otherwise
6. Repeat 2-3 times and reduce the delay over future tries
Potential mechanisms :
The short delay prevents the use of slowest and less automatic strategies
Instant feedback prevents a wrong answer from being memorized
Quick positive reinforcement
The longest an exercize is, the highest the anxiety a student could have
Aspiranti, K. B., Skinner, C. H., McCleary, D. F., & Cihak, D. F. (January 01, 2011). Using taped-problems and rewards to increase addition-fact fluency in a first grade general education classroom. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 4, 2, 25-33.