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Créer une question de recherche (PICO)

posted 25th Jul 2016, 8:00 AM

Créer une question de recherche (PICO)
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25th Jul 2016, 8:00 AM

Tekai

[EN] - Do you remember the evidence-based-medicine (EBM) graphic?
- It said we should strive to look for the best scientific evidence to inform decisions.

How to search a scientific article cookie (basic version)

- Looking for a cookie is just like ordering a meal in a restaurant.
- The first times everything looks new.

- The first thing to do is to decide on your meal. = building a question
- For that we use a tool called "PICO".
It is our gastronomic menu.

P Patient/Population/Problem - Diabetics, pregnant women, childrens, ...
I Intervention/Exposition - Insulin injections, oral morphine, psychotherapy, smoke exposition, ...
C Comparison/Alternative - Placebo, no treatment, no smoke, usual treatment, ...
O Outcome/Result - Glycaemia, blood pressure, pain level, tumor size, ...

Basic question
What meal would increase a children's blood pressure the most between a slice of bread and a biscuit with sugar?
PICO translation (menu)
P = Children
I = Biscuits with sugar
C = Slice of bread
O = Blood pressure

- I would like to order the "Children + Biscuits with sugar + slice of bread + blood pressure" menu please.
- That's number 457.

- The more precise and specific you are, the more useful the result.
- But the least results you will get.

The terms you use can vastly change your results.
- If antibiotics work? Which one? Who would even pay them to work?

- Keep in mind that some parts of the PICO menu aren't always required.
- The most important thing is to have the right keywords that the waiter will recognize.

- Cookies? I know what this is.

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